Brief description of the CCCM context in Cambodia
The Thai/Cambodian border conflict in Preah Vihear and Odar Meanchey unfolded continuously from February to June 2011 and at its peak resulted in the displacement of more than 45,000 people. A total of 11 IDP camps were spontaneously created along the perimeter of a roughly 75 km buffer zone from the border in Odar Meanchey, and the provincial governor of Preah Vihear designated a former military base as a site for one planned camp. In Odar Meanchey, provincial authorities identified a safe reception area on government-owned land and started building an IDP camp in Chong Kal. IOM functioned as CCCM Cluster Lead and participated in two inter-agency field assessments.
Moreover, from August to December 2011, floods affected 18 provinces and displaced 51,594 families. IOM assumed responsibility for the Shelter Sector within the UN Disaster Management Team’s (UNDMT) CERF-funded response, coor-dinating and providing emergency shelter materials and toolkits to 5,800 households in three southern provinces of the Mekong basin (Prey Veng, Svay Rieng and Kampong Cham).
- Equipped 5,800 households with emergency shelter ma-terials and toolkits during flood response distributions in three provinces.
- Piloted the first Village Disaster Management Teams (VDMTs) under the project “Building Resilience to Natu-ral Hazards in North-East Cambodia,” working closely with district, commune and village officials.
- IOM co-leads the Shelter Sector with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as part of the newly-formed Humanitarian Response Forum (HRF), which en-compasses the UNDMT and civil society organizations.
UNDMT is considering arranging a contingency-planning workshop facilitated by the OCHA regional office to improve UNDMT’s preparedness for emergencies; the training should include applications for the Cluster System more broadly as well as for CERF.
Areas in need of global cluster support
In view of recurrent flooding and unresolved border conflict, IOM Cambodia needs to strengthen its preparedness and response capacity and expertise through CCCM trainings and contingency-planning.
Plans for 2012 to 2013
- Capacity-building for provincial- and community-level preparedness.
- Mission contingency-planning for staff safety in the event of flooding (following completion of UN security mapping of floodable areas in Phnom Penh).
- Staff training.
- Drafting of sector contingency plan, in cooperation with UNDP.