Fostering Development Opportunities in Nicaragua
An estimated 15 percent of Nicaraguan families have relatives living abroad. Neighbouring Costa Rica is a main destination. 350,000 Nicaraguans live there, making up 8 per cent of the population.
This Nicaraguan population in Costa Rica faces a number of difficulties. Many do not have legal papers and are not registered in the social security system. In some cases, their workforce is under-utilized.
-- Jorge Peraza-Breedy, Project Coordinator, IOM Costa Rica
The key objectives of this project are:
- Enhance the contribution of migration movements to the development of Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
- Improve social conditions and economic growth in both countries, in areas where migration is high.
These will be achieved by:
- Managing the flow of Nicaraguan temporary workers to Costa Rica.
- Favouring conditions for their inclusion in labour markets.
- Promoting their integration with local communities.
- Promoting their social integration.
- Nicaraguan migrants in Costa Rica
- Migrant-sending areas in Nicaragua
- Government migration and labour institutions in both countries
- Civil society organizations working with and for migrant populations
- Regulated migration of temporary/seasonal workers from Nicaragua to Costa Rica
- Better conditions for migrants to enter the labour market
- Improved economic and psychosocial conditions of migrants and their families
- Social integration and social cohesion of migrants
- Financial services for migrants who send remittances
- Enhance the services of the Migration Office in Nicaragua to speed up the processing of documents. Create a “single window" at the Ministry of Labour and Migration office to speed up migration procedures in migrant-sending locations.
- Develop and strengthen the means of exchanging information among pertinent authorities on migration matters in both countries (within and between countries).
- Strengthen the skills, knowledge and resources of Nicaraguan Consulates in Costa Rica to protect their nationals.
- Hold information and awareness campaigns in both countries aimed at employers, labour unions, migrant workers and the general public.
- Organize border services in Costa Rica to immediately check temporary workers upon their arrival and departure. This includes setting up a Costa Rican Consulate in Rivas, Nicaragua.
- Strengthen the skills, knowledge and resources of the Costa Rican Migration Directorate to document Nicaraguan migrants, as a means to guarantee their access to social services.