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01 March 2018

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African students abroad find it hard to return to their home country after completing their studies.

African Brain Drain: Is There an Alternative?

Douala (IPS)  – "Brain drain is particularly acute in sub-Saharan Africa," says the World Economic Outlook (October 2016), a report published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). "The migration of young and educated workers takes a large toll on a region whose human capital is already scarce. The concentration of migrants among those who are educated is higher than in other developing economies."

The report goes on to add that "the migration of highly skilled workers entails a high social cost, as is evidenced by the departure of doctors and nurses from Malawi and Zimbabwe, which may mean welfare losses beyond those that are purely economic." 

This situation is not new. The African brain drain had already started in the 1980s.

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Anita: "I owe my children’s education, my house back home and my job experience to Libya."

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Migration in the News

  • IPS reported that more than half a million Rohingya refugees crammed into over 30 makeshift camps in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh face a critical situation as the cyclone and monsoon season begins in a few weeks’ time.
  • World Economic Forum published an op-ed which outlined the benefits of migration through stories of migrants and refugees filling gaps that would otherwise remain empty.
  • India’s Down to Earth reported that according to experts, African countries need to understand the link between climate change, migration and exposure to poor health care service.  
  • South Africa’s Sowetan Live reported that eight Zimbabwean parents have asked to be reunited with their children and asked the courts to halt a plan by the Zimbabwean and South African governments to repatriate the children to a shelter in Zimbabwe.
  • The Netherland’s CBS reported about a successful feasibility study of detecting asylum and migration flows into Europe conducted recently by Statistics Netherlands and IT company CGI, using data collected from earth observation satellites and social media.
  • Deccan Herald reported that Pakistanis have in the past rarely been among migrants irregularly crossing to Italy through Libya. But desperate Pakistanis will now go far in search of better lives, risking their own lives.
  • Global Investigative Journalism Network listed resources for data related to trafficking, forced labour and irregular migration.
  • Sudan Tribune reported that more than 270 Chadian refugees have been repatriated to Medihona area, in eastern Chad from Um Shalya camp in Darfur.

Trending on the Internet

  • CNN uncovered the trafficking process in Edo State, Nigeria where they posed as would-be migrants attempting to reach Italy with the help of a "pusherman" – one of an army of brokers who work alongside smugglers on the Nigerian end of the migrant route from Africa to Europe.
  • Human Rights Watch published a new report which says that based on interviews with 110 women and children, United States border agents routinely hold detained migrants, including infants, in freezing cells when it takes them into custody at or near the border.


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