Laboratory services form an integral part of IOM health assessment programmes by providing necessary support in diagnosing medical conditions; laboratory services vary in scope depending on the receiving country protocol. Common conditions for which laboratory diagnostic services are provided include tuberculosis, syphilis, HIV, hepatitis B and C, and gonorrhea, among others.
Historically, IOM contracted external laboratory services and oversaw the reliability and quality of their performance. Over the past decade, however, changes in requirements from major government partners demanded more sophisticated techniques, especially for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, and the lack of available technology in some locations resulted in the establishment of IOM laboratories at large HAP sites. IOM currently operates over 15 IOM laboratories, in addition to many external partner laboratories. IOM laboratories closely collaborate with national and supra-national laboratories, as well as with the Global Laboratory Initiative.