Management of Nutrition
In addition to disruptions to health service delivery, humanitarian crises often result in food shortages, jeopardizing the nutritional status of entire communities, and causing excess morbidity and mortality. Besides wasting, micronutrient deficiency is common among crisis-affected populations, and even in situations where food aid is provided, scurvy, pellagra and beriberi frequently occur. Children under five years old are at highest risk of dying from malnutrition, followed pregnant and lactating women.
In the context of management of nutrition in crisis situations, IOM’s role encompasses the following functions:
- Participation in the Nutrition Cluster at national and sub-national levels;
- Implementation of rapid nutrition assessments in crisis-affected areas, including SMART surveys;
- Risk communication on malnutrition, breastfeeding and infant/young child feeding practices, and community mobilization for identification and management of malnutrition;
- Integration of management of nutrition within primary health care service delivery, through mobile clinics, temporary and fixed health facilities, and other community outreach modalities
- Implementation of Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM);
- Setting up and operations of Therapeutic Feeding Centers (TFCs) and Stabilization Centers;
- Community and facility-based nutrition surveillance; and
- Monitoring and evaluation of nutrition interventions – coverage and health outcomes.
IOM’s nutrition management activities during crisis situations benefit migrants, mobile populations, internally-displaced individuals, host communities, and other crisis affected populations.