Sexual and Reproductive Health
Good sexual health is defined by the WHO as a state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality, as well as the possibility of having safe experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. Reproductive health includes the right of men and women to be informed and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of fertility regulation of their choice, and the right of access to appropriate healthcare services that will enable women to go through pregnancy and childbirth safely and provide couples with the best chance of having healthy infants.
Natural disasters, conflict and other humanitarian crises expose the world’s most vulnerable populations to various SRH risks. In this scenario, IOM provides SRH service, psychosocial assistance and facilitates referral pathways to crisis-affected populations in order to combat the negative consequences of crises and displacement on SRH.
IOM works in crisis situations to help guarantee the highest attainable standards of SRH services among vulnerable populations, and strives to facilitate access to SRH by supporting governments, partners and affected communities to integrate essential SRH care into primary healthcare services, which encompass:
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS
- Maternal and newborn health
- Sexual violence
These critical interventions during crises reduce mortality, morbidity and have substantial long-term benefits for the SRH of displaced and crisis-affected populations.