The project aimed to provide scientifically tested guidance on low-cost shelter solutions that are flood resistant, compatible with vernacular architecture and indigenous construction techniques, and minimize environmental impacts while delivering the best value for money. During this study, key variables related to resilience, sustainability and local acceptability of different materials were put to test using simulated flood-water and rainwater testing tanks. The findings of this research have been used to produce a Construction Guide, which can be adapted into a training manual that can be used by operational agencies and highlights best practice in the planning, design and implementation of flood resilient shelter design in Southern Pakistan.
The guide presents a series of design principles, a user friendly design decision tool, and a library of recommended designs. All content is based on scientific evidence, physical testing, surveys, and expert analysis. The guide is intended to support improved decision making in the design of shelters and shelter programs in an effort to enhance flood resilience. The guide also provides construction tips and notes.
Papua New Guinea is exposed to a range of natural hazards - cyclones, floods, landslides, droughts, frost, earthquakes, tsunamis, king tides, volcanoes and seasonal fires. Climate change is expected to further exacerbate the risk of natural hazards by increasing the frequency and severity of extreme weather events.
The Sealing-off Kit (SOK) is a package that includes essential items to seal and upgrade short-term shelters, such as abandoned/unfinished buildings, collective shelters,and damaged houses. The SOK includes items such as construction materials, tools, fixings, and personal safety equipments. The SOK is designed to provide:
1. protection from the weather conditions;
2. improved privacy and dignity;
3. health, security and safety measures.
The primary goal of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is to facilitate the safe, orderly, humane and dignified management of migration. In many countries this includes supporting families and individuals that have been internally displaced by natural or man-made disasters. In Pakistan, our work began with a r esponse to the Afghan refugee crisis, and has continued through the various challenges faced by the country since, including the 2005 earthquake and flooding in 2010, 2011 and 2012.
We dedicate this handbook to the beneficiaries of our program which displays some ways, ideas and basic information about the safe practices to improve critical shelters, through providing trainings and education for the beneficiaries who are not specialists in the construction, by guiding them to improve the shelter to live with dignity and Taking into consideration the safety of children and the protection of both sexes as much as possible.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) provides Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH) assistance at scale, based on assessed needs and gaps in humanitarian programming. IOM WASH interventions include the provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities. IOM has a growing portfolio of WASH programmes worldwide.
This booklet provides basic information about site planning and gender-based violence risks in sites hosting displaced populations, and is targeted at field practitioners. It also provides practical guidance for measures which can be taken to reduce risks to affected populations in and around camps and sites. These guidelines are the result of work done by IOM for the Global Shelter Cluster.