Vaccination in Crisis Situation
Crisis-affected populations experience higher levels of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), due to disruptions to their health system, which in most cases is already weak even before the crisis. Due to the high transmissibility of certain VPDs, and the harsh conditions of crisis environments, WHO published a guidance for deciding if and which vaccines would be a high priority public health intervention during crisis in 2013. This framework for decision making emphasizes on the need for multi-partner and multi-sectoral collaboration in order to deliver vaccination effectively in crisis situations. Within this context, IOM’s role encompasses the following functions:
- Coordination at national and sub-national level for implementation of vaccination campaigns and (re)integration of routine immunization into primary health care service delivery during crisis situations;
- Rapid public health risks assessment, including vaccination needs assessments;
- Risk communication on VPDs and community mobilization for vaccination;
- Technical and logistical support for vaccination campaigns as part of outbreak response during crisis situations;
- Delivery of routine immunization as part of primary health care service delivery during crisis situations, through mobile clinics, temporary and fixed health facilities, and other community outreach modalities;
- Monitoring, evaluation and campaign coverage evaluation; and
- Community and facility-based disease surveillance of VPDs.
IOM’s vaccination activities during crisis situations benefit migrants, mobile populations, internally-displaced individuals, host communities, and other crisis affected populations.